Nicolas Pike, The New Complete System of Arithmetic, 1802
The following excerpt is from the book The New Complete System of Arithmetick, Composed for the Use of the Citizens of the United States by Nicolas Pike, published in 1802.
The portion quoted here concerns the "Chuquet" number-names.
This book was revised several times; see also:
Pike, New and Complete System of Arithmetick, 1792.
Pike, A New and Complete System of Arithmetick, 1822.
To enumerate any parcel of figures, obferve the following Rule.
First, commit the words at the head of the Table, viz. units, tens, hundreds, &c. to memory ; then, to the fimple value of each figure, join the name of its place, beginning at the left hand, and reading towards the right. More particularly 1. Place a dot under the right hand figure of the 2d, 4th, 6th, 8th, &c. half periods, and the figure over fuch dot will, universally, have the name of thoufands. 2. Place the figures 1, 2, 3, 4, &c. as indices, over the 2d, 3d, 4th, &c. period : Thefe indices will then fhew the number of times the millions are involved The figure under 1, bearing the name of millions, that under 2, the name of billions (or millions of millions) that under 3, trillions (or millions of millions of millions.)EXAMPLE. Sextilli. Quintill. Quatrill. Trillions. Billions. Millions. Units. th. un. th. un. th. un. th. un. th. un. th. un. th. un. 6 5 4 3 2 1 913, 208; 000, 341; 620, 057; 219, 356; 809, 379; 120, 406; 129, 763
NOTE 1. Billions is fubftituted for millions of millions ; Trillions, for millions of millions of millions ; Quatrillions, for millions of millions of millions of millions.
Quintillions, Sextillions, Septillions, Octillions, Nonmillions, Decillions, Undecillions, Duodecillions, &c. anfwer to millions fo often involved as their indices refpectively denote.
NOTE 2. The right hand figure of each half period has the place of units of that half period ; the middle one, that of tens, and the left hand one, that of hundreds.
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